Chinese Youth Drive New Era Innovation, Entrepreneurship: White Paper

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China releases the country’s first white paper, “Chinese Youth in the New Era,” on April 21, 2022. /CFP

China releases the country’s first white paper, “Chinese Youth in the New Era,” on April 21, 2022. /CFP

China’s State Council Information Office on Thursday released a white paper titled “Chinese Youth in the New Era” – the first of its kind, focusing on Chinese youth.

The white paper documents the achievements in developing the country’s youth into the new era and reflects the spirit of its youth.

The newspaper said that in recent years, Chinese youth have shown rich imagination and creativity, open-mindedness and pioneering spirit. They have the spirit to engage in the field of international competition as it becomes fiercer and have become a powerful driving force for innovation and entrepreneurship.

Scientific and technological innovation

Supported by the political incentives of the Communist Party of China and the central government, young people take the lead in innovation, establish enterprises and strive for excellence, serving the country and people with their ingenuity and expertise in economic, social, technological and cultural. , indicates the document.

Under the innovation-driven development strategy and open competition mechanisms, a large number of world-class young scientists have established themselves in major science and technology programs, including China’s Tiangong space station, manned submersible in the open sea Jiaolong, the Five Hundred -meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST) Tianyan, the dark matter sounding satellite Wukong, the quantum science satellite Mozi, the Mars probe Tianwen-1 and the Chang’e lunar mission, according to the white paper.

The average age of the main members of research groups on the Beidou satellite navigation system is 36 years old, and the corresponding figures are 35 years old for Mozi and 30 years old for Tianyan.

A T-shaped complex will be formed once construction of China’s space station is completed in 2022. /CFP

A T-shaped complex will be formed once construction of China’s space station is completed in 2022. /CFP

Entrepreneurship of young startups

Every year, more than three million science and technology and engineering students graduate from Chinese universities, which are constantly replenishing the country’s engineering ranks.

Well-educated and highly skilled, they give China an “engineering bonus,” adding impetus to the country’s development and improving its position in international competition, the document also said.

China has introduced a series of policies to support start-ups, and young people are responding warmly.

They actively participate in entrepreneurship programs such as the Chinese College Student Entrepreneurship Competition and the China “Internet+” International College Student Entrepreneurship and Innovation Competition, carving out careers with their knowledge and their ingenuity.

Of the merchant entity founders registered since 2014, more than five million are students and recent graduates. In creative industries such as IT services, culture, sports, entertainment and science-tech, young people make up half or more of the workforce and drive many unicorn and gazelle companies.

Unicorn companies are those that reach a $1 billion valuation without being listed on the stock exchange, while a gazelle company is a young, fast-growing company with base revenues of at least $100,000 and four years of growth. income support.

The white paper also says young people are aligning their individual interests with national development, leveraging their talents in innovation and business creation, and serving society in the process.

A young man broadcasts live via multiple cellphones in Guangzhou city, south China’s Guangdong province, Dec. 15, 2016. /CFP

A young man broadcasts live via multiple cellphones in Guangzhou city, south China’s Guangdong province, Dec. 15, 2016. /CFP

Wider internet use among young people

At the end of 2020, approximately 180 million young people aged 6 to 18 had access to the Internet to search for information, exchange ideas, make friends and make purchases, which represents 94.5% of minors nationwide, according to the newspaper.

The internet penetration rate between urban and rural areas shrunk to 0.3%, a significant drop from 5.4% in 2018.

Young people have become the main producers of information, consumers of services and promoters of technologies related to cyberspace, which has a great impact on Internet trends, according to the newspaper.

“Young people make up the majority of online short video users, live viewers and mobile customers,” the newspaper said.

(Contributed by Xinhua)

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